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Ngwa nke otu surfactant

Mkparịta ụka nke ngwa nke otu surfactant nke dị ọhụrụ-ọ bụghị nke ukwuu dị ka onyinye, ma na ihe ndị ọzọ ọkaibe na ngwa-ga-agụnye akụkụ akụ na ụba dị ka ọnọdụ ya na surfactant ahịa.Surfactants mejupụtara ọtụtụ ihe na-arụ ọrụ n'elu ala, mana otu ihe dị ka ụdị 10 dị iche iche na-etolite ahịa nke surfactant.Enwere ike ịtụ anya ngwa ngwa dị mkpa nke ngwakọta naanị mgbe ọ bụ nke otu a.Ya mere, ewezuga ịdị mma na nchekwa maka gburugburu ebe obibi, ngwaahịa a ga-adịrịrị n'ụgwọ ezi uche dị na ya, ma e jiri ya tụnyere ma ọ bụ ọbụna bara uru karịa nke surfactants nke edoziworo n'ahịa.

Tupu 1995, ihe kacha mkpa surfactant ka bụ ncha nkịtị, a na-eji ya eme ihe ruo ihe dị ka puku afọ.na-esote ya bụ alkylbenzene sulfonate na polyoxyethylene alkyl ethers, ha abụọ na-anọchi anya ya n'ụdị ọ bụla nke nchacha, bụ isi ihe na-emepụta ihe.Ebe a na-ewere alkylbenzene sulfonate dị ka “horse workhorse” nke ndị na-asa ákwà, sulfate mmanya na-aba n'anya na ether sulfate bụ ihe kachasị mkpa maka ngwaahịa nlekọta onwe onye.Site na nyocha ngwa, achọpụtara na alkyl polyglucosides, n'etiti ndị ọzọ, nwere ike ịrụ ọrụ na mpaghara abụọ ahụ.enwere ike ijikọta ha na ndị ọzọ nonionic surfactants iji nweta uru dị mma maka akwa akwa akwa akwa na sulfate surfactants na ncha ọrụ ọkụ, yana na ngwa nlekọta onwe onye.Ya mere, ihe ndị a na-ahụ anya nke alkyl polyglucosides nwere ike dochie ya gụnyere linear alkylbenzene sulfonate na sulfate surfactants, na mgbakwunye na ọpụrụiche dị elu dị elu dị ka betaines na amine oxides.

Atụmatụ ike nnọchi nke alkyl polyglucosides ga-enye ohere maka ụgwọ nrụpụta, nke na-apụta na oke dị elu n'etiti sulfate surfactants.Ya mere, a ga-eji alkyl polyglucosides mee ihe n'ọtụtụ buru ibu ọ bụghị nanị n'ihi "ebili mmiri na-acha akwụkwọ ndụ akwụkwọ ndụ" na nchegbu gburugburu ebe obibi kamakwa n'ihi ụgwọ mmepụta ihe na dịka a na-atụ anya ya site na ọtụtụ ihe ndị na-ahụ maka physicochemical, ọrụ ha pụtara ìhè n'ọtụtụ akụkụ nke ngwa.

Alkyl polyglucosides ga-adọrọ mmasị n'ebe ọ bụla okpomọkụ na-adịghị oke na usoro adịghị oke acidic n'ihi na acetals nke usoro shuga nke na-eme ka mmanya na-egbuke egbuke na glucose.ogologo oge kwụsie ike na-nyere na 40 ℃ na PH≥4.Na PH na-anọpụ iche n'okpuru ọnọdụ ịsa mmiri, okpomọkụ ruru 140 ℃ anaghị emebi ngwaahịa ahụ.

Alkyl polyglucosides ga-adọrọ mmasị maka ojiji n'ebe ọ bụla a na-achọ ịrụ ọrụ nke ọma na ihe ndị dị mma ecotoxicological, ya bụ, na ịchọ mma na ngwaahịa ụlọ.mana esemokwu ihu ha dị ala, ike mgbasa ozi dị elu, na ụfụfụ a na-achịkwa nke ọma na-eme ka ha mara mma maka ọtụtụ ngwa teknụzụ.ikike itinye ihe surfactant na-adabere ọ bụghị naanị na ihe onwunwe ya ma ọbụna karịa na arụmọrụ ya mgbe ejikọtara ya na ndị ọzọ surfactants.Ịbụ ntakịrị anionic, ma ọ bụ betain surfactants.Inye ikike maka ihe nhụsianya igwe ojii.ha dakọtara na cationic surfactants.

N'ọtụtụ ọnọdụalkyl polyglucosidesgosi mma synergistic mmetụta na Nchikota ndị ọzọ surfactants, na bara uru ngwa nke ndị a mmetụta na-egosipụta na ọnụ ọgụgụ nke ihe karịrị 500 patent ngwa kemgbe 1981. ndị a na-ekpuchi efere efere;ọrụ dị mfe na nhicha dị arọ;ndị na-ehicha ihe niile;ndị na-ehicha alkaline;ngwaahịa nlekọta onwe onye dị ka shampoos, gels ịsa ahụ, lotions, na emulsions;mgbasa ozi teknụzụ dị ka pastes agba;usoro maka ndị na-egbochi ụfụfụ; demulsifiers;ihe nchebe osisi; mmanu mmanu; mmiri mmiri hydraulic;na kemịkalụ mmepụta mmanụ, n'ịkpọ aha ole na ole.


Oge nzipu: Dec-03-2021